GERD Symptoms

GERD Symptoms, in general, are mixed with acid reflux and acidity. Here we will have a detailed study on GERD symptoms. As we have discussed earlier when the hydrochloric acid present in the stomach for digestion process reverts to the esophagus in the upward direction it results in various symptoms. When this condition becomes more frequent it results in GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disorder).

When GERD is in its initial stage it shows some uncomplicated GERD symptoms which include: -

Heartburn(people also interpret it by the name of chest pain) is among major GERD symptoms: –

 In this, there is a burning pain in the middle of the chest. It starts from the abdomen and may end up into the neck. However, in some patients, the pain can be sharp and it could pressure like.
Heartburn is most common after taking dinner during sleeping. This is due to the reason that while sleeping due to the absence of gravity effect, it is very easy for the hydrochloric to enter the esophagus and returns to the stomach very slowly. This is the only reason that people mostly experience heartburn while sleeping during the night after the meal.

Regurgitation: –

Regurgitation is the condition when the refluxed foods or acid comes in your mouth and leaves your mouth with an unpleasant sour taste. Usually, a small amount of refluxed liquid or acid content reaches the LES (lower esophageal sphincter) in GERD patients. Occasionally large quantity of refluxed liquid reaches the UES (upper esophageal sphincter) when this happens the patients experience food material or large quantity of acidic liquid in your mouth. Your mouth becomes acidic and sour. When this process of regurgitation occurs very frequently it leads to acid-induced erosions in the teeth.

Nausea: –

If you have GERD, nausea is very common. In some patients, if it frequently appears, it may result in vomiting.

When your GERD exceeds it shows some complicated GERD symptoms: -


  1. Ulcers: –

The liquid which enters the esophagus damages the esophageal lining. It results in inflammation of the esophagus well known as esophagitis. Inflammation process helps in neutralizing the damaging agent and quickly start the process of healing. If in case the damage goes deep inside the esophagus it leads to the formation of an ulcer. An ulcer is simply a break in the lining of the esophagus which usually occurs in the area which was once infatuated. Ulcers and the inflammation in combination, they both erode the blood vessels of the esophagus and gives rise to bleeding into the esophagus.

  1. Structures: –

Esophagus ulcers heal with the formation of scars (fibrosis)|. After some time, the scar tissues shrink and hence the lumen (inner cavity) narrows. The scarred narrowing is known as Stricture.

  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Cough and asthma
  •  Inflammation is easily visible in the throat and larynx
  •  Inflammation along with infection of the lungs
  •  The fluid present in the sinuses and middle ears